Human bloodlust—from war to murder—traces back millions of years to our primate ancestors. That’s the conclusion of a controversial new study, which reaches far back into our family tree to uncover the evolutionary roots of lethal violence among more than 1000 mammalian species.“It’s nice to see where humans fall in relation to other species,” says Polly Wiessner, an anthropologist at the University of Utah in Salt Lake City who studies violence and peacemaking in Papua New Guinea.But she says the sweeping analysis relies on imprecise data and doesn’t provide new information about the cultural subtleties that affect when and how humans deploy violence.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)Humans are far from the only species that kills its own. Murder has been observed in animals ranging from chimpanzees to wolves to marmots, a type of oversized squirrel. José Maria Gómez, an evolutionary biologist at the University of Granada and the Spanish National Research Council’s campus in Almería, wondered whether each species had developed its capacity for lethal violence on its own, or whether the tendency had been passed down from their evolutionary ancestors.So for 2 years, he and his team scoured decades of scientific research to create a database of how 1024 species of mammals die, including what proportion of each one was killed by other members of its own species. Forty percent of the species in the study had been observed engaging in lethal violence, but rates varied widely. The researchers found that some species, like bats and whales, hardly ever kill each other. Others, like ground squirrels and tree shrews, do so relatively often. Animals that live in groups and defend territories, such as wolves and chimps, tend to be more violent. Both violence and nonviolence tended to clump along certain branches of the mammalian family tree. Statistically, the more violent your close relatives are, the more violent your species is likely to be.That association meant that Gómez and his colleagues could use their extensive database to predict a given species’s rate of lethal violence—and that’s what they did for humans. Though group-living primates are relatively violent, the rates vary. Nearly 4.5% of chimpanzee deaths are caused by another chimp, for example, whereas bonobos are responsible for only 0.68% of their compatriots’ deaths. Based on the rates of lethal violence seen in our close relatives, Gómez and his team predicted that 2% of human deaths would be caused by another human.To see whether that was true, the researchers dove into the scientific literature documenting lethal violence among humans, from prehistory to today. They combined data from archaeological excavations, historical records, modern national statistics, and ethnographies to tally up the number of humans killed by other humans in different time periods and societies. From 50,000 years ago to 10,000 years ago, when humans lived in small groups of hunter-gatherers, the rate of killing was “statistically indistinguishable” from the predicted rate of 2%, based on archaeological evidence, Gómez and his colleagues report today in Nature. Later, as human groups consolidated into chiefdoms and states, rates of lethal violence shot up—as high as 12% in medieval Eurasia, for example. But in the contemporary era, when industrialized states exert the rule of law, violence is lower than our evolutionary heritage would predict, hovering around 1.3% when combining statistics from across the world. That means evolution “is not a straitjacket,” Gómez says. Culture modulates our bloodthirsty tendencies.The study is “innovative and meticulously conducted,” says Douglas Fry, an anthropologist at the University of Alabama, Birmingham. The 2% figure is significantly lower than Harvard University psychologist Steven Pinker’s much publicized estimate that 15% of deaths are due to lethal violence among hunter-gatherers. The lower figure resonates with Fry’s extensive studies of nomadic hunter-gatherers, whom he has observed to be less violent than Pinker’s work suggests. “Along with archaeology and nomadic forager research, this [study] shoots holes in the view that the human past and human nature are shockingly violent,” Fry says.Wiessner says that the database of lethal violence among mammals is an impressive contribution. But the data on humans is “very weak,” she says. “The stuff we have on prehistory is very thin.” She notes that the study gives descriptions of isolated cultures by missionaries, excavations of ancient battlefields, and modern homicide rates equal weight, when they likely have different biases and margins of error. “I don’t think these averages are really telling us anything.”Richard Wrangham, a biological anthropologist at Harvard who studies the evolutionary relationship between chimpanzees and humans, agrees the data set, although “new and amazingly large,” lacks crucial context, because all lethal violence is not the same. Infanticide, for example, is extremely common among chimpanzees, but humans tend to kill other adults. In order to draw conclusions about the evolutionary history of violence, it’s not just numbers that matter, Wrangham says. Gómez agrees that the inability to distinguish between types of lethal violence “is the biggest problem with our work.” He says there simply weren’t enough data to calculate the rates of different types of lethal violence for humans, but he and his team are working on adding that information for the other mammals. He is also planning to make the full data set public and hopes that anthropologists will contribute. “The global result is robust,” Gómez says. But when it comes to studying the specifics of human violence, the devil is always in the details.For more coverage of the history of human conflict, check out our Special Issue.*Correction, 29 September 2016, 1:44 p.m.: This story has been updated with a new photograph to reflect the fact that lethal violence is much more common in chimpanzees than bonobos.
Hosts Belgium secured a thrilling 4-0 win over India in their Hockey World League (HWL) Semi-Final match at the Brasschaat Municipal Park here on Friday to book a place in the final,.For Belgium, Florent Van Aubel scored a brilliant hat-trick while Tanguy Cosyns scored one to steer the team to the final.The hosts got off to a cracking start to the match firing a goal in the second minute of the first quarter. It was a smart play by the hosts. Jasjit Singh with a weak tackle made it easy for Van Aubel to score just at the start of the game.After conceding a goal, India counter-attacked well and Satbir Singh got a golden chance to level the score. He only needed to tap the ball on to an open goal, but Belgium stopper Vincent Vanasch came up with a stellar save.Cosyns netted the second goal in the eighth minute for the hosts. India stopper Sreejesh stopped the drag flick but the rebound landed in front of Cosyns, who uncovered in time by the Indian defence and fired one past Sreejesh to help Belgium take a 2-0 lead.In the second quarter, India pressed on as Satbir stole the ball at the edge of circle and fired one in on the run, but Belgium stopper Vanasch again came with a good stop.The second half saw India putting up a better fight and if it was not for Belgium goalkeeper Vanasch, they would have at least pulled a goal back.advertisementAt the start of the third quarter, skipper Sardar Singh ran well as he managed to dodge a couple of Belgian defenders but once again, was guilty of holding on to the ball a bit too long and his attack in was blunted.In the 40th minute, Jasjit put his body on the line of the attacker and gave away a penalty corner. Van Aubel found the net for the second time in the 41st minute to take Belgium to 3-0.In the dying minutes of third quarter, India earned a penalty corner but Manpreet Singh lost a chance to score.The final quarter saw Belgium on more attacking mode as a shoddy Indian defence helped Van Aubel find the net for the third time to score a hat-trick and take Belgium to 4-0.
MLS MLS record signing Ezequiel Barco out 4-6 weeks with quad strain Seth Vertelney 00:30 3/1/18 FacebookTwitterRedditcopy Comments(0) JUAN MABROMATA/AFP/Getty Images MLS Atlanta United The Argentine teenager will be sidelined for at least a month after suffering the injury in training on Tuesday Ezequiel Barco’s Major League Soccer debut will have to wait. Atlanta United has announced Barco will miss 4-6 weeks with a right quad strain suffered in training Tuesday, pushing back the highly anticipated MLS bow of the 18-year-old midfielder. Barco was signed in the offseason from Independiente in a $15 million deal that made him the most expensive player in MLS history. Article continues below Editors’ Picks Lyon treble & England heartbreak: The full story behind Lucy Bronze’s dramatic 2019 Liverpool v Man City is now the league’s biggest rivalry and the bitterness is growing Megan Rapinoe: Born & brilliant in the U.S.A. A Liverpool legend in the making: Behind Virgil van Dijk’s remarkable rise to world’s best player The Argentina U-20 international rose to prominence with Independiente, helping the Argentine side to a Copa Sudamericana title in December. The teenager appeared in three preseason games for Atlanta, scoring against Minnesota United in the Carolina Challenge Cup.Atlanta United opens its second MLS season against the Houston Dynamo on Saturday at 3:30 p.m. ET.
The final round of the 32nd Annual New South Wales Touch Association’s Vawdon Cup was played Friday 28 September 2007 at Penrith with an extremely close round in the Men’s Premier League, and some emphatic performances by the competition’s big guns in the Women’s Premier League. The last pieces in the semi-final puzzle were put in place in both Premier divisions and with the regular season now done and dusted, fans can strap themselves in for what looms as an intriguing 2007 Vawdon Cup Finals series.Canterbury, despite suffering a shock loss to Penrith in the final round wrapped up the Minor Premiership in the Men’s Premier League division.Canterbury will meet Wests Magpies in the Major Semi-final after Wests and Hornsby drew in their clash on Friday night to finish on equal competition points.The Magpies have advanced to second spot on the ladder on for and against averages.Third placed Hornsby will meet 2006 Vawdon Cup Premiers Penrith who, with their upset victory over the Dogs, has cemented the final spot in the semi-final line up.In the Women’s Premier League the undefeated Canterbury Bankstown wrapped up the Minor Premiership and will now meet 2006 Premiers the Easts Roosters in Semi-Final One, whilst Wests Magpies will confront the Wollongong Devils who edged out Cronulla in their crunch game on Friday night to snare the prized final place in the top four for 2007.The Vawdon Cup Final series gets underway at Bankstown, home of the Canterbury Bulldogs, Minor Premiers in the respective Men’s and Women’s Premier League Divisions, this Friday 5 October 2007.The big news in the Men’s Premier League was Penrith’s sensational victory over the previously undefeated Canterbury Bulldogs in the 2006 Vawdon Cup Grand Final replay at Penrith in the nightcap timeslot at 9.00pm.Defending champions, the Penrith Panthers have had an indifferent 2007 thus far, but in recent times have strung together some impressive performances that smack of business end of the season form to have all the other teams in the competition sleeping with one eye open as the finals loom large on the horizon.The Dogs, in contrast, have been in outstanding form for the majority of the season, and despite suffering their first defeat of the year at the hands of their 2006 Vawdon Cup conquerors on Friday, are still warm favourites with the bookies to advance to this year’s decider in their semi-final clash with Wests Magpies at Bankstown on Friday night.Canterbury got off to a flyer on Friday night with some great play from 2007 Australian World Cup stars Garry ‘GS7” Sonda and Steve Roberts giving the Dogs a 1-0 lead.The Penrith boys were sticking to their guns and it did not surprise anyone to see the Premiers equalize soon after for 1-1 scoreline.The game was end to end for the rest of the half and the two fierce combatants went to oranges a touchdown a piece with a lot of touch still to be played in the second stanza.The Dogs came out after the break looking to put the bite on the Panthers who, to their great credit, knuckled down and met every Dogs attacking raid with resolute defence.The Doggies were (for the most part), shut out and left to snarl through the slithers of slight hope visible in the robust Panther defence that stood between the Dogs and the retention of their unblemished record in 2007.Canterbury’s big match specialist Joel Willoughby stepped up for the Dogs as only special players can, snaring an intercept before offloading to support to give the Dogs the ascendancy at 2-1.The teams then went touchdown for touchdown, before a trademark Sonda long ball gift-wrapped a 4-3 lead to the Dogs.The touchdown seemed to spur the Panthers into action and the Mountain Men, through some outstanding ball play from Dean Springfield and Scott Buckley conjured three unanswered touchdowns to give the Panthers the 6-4 decision over the previously undefeated Canterbury combination.The win by the Panthers was full of merit given that the outfit’s most experienced players Chris Benfield and Scotty Danswan were unavailable and the 11 man team was top heavy with many youngsters who had come off the back of last weeks X Blades National 18 Years tournament.Penrith did not have a bad player, with their foot speed and unrelenting defence a feature of the victory.The Panthers secured the Forrester/Collins Trophy (contested each time the two clubs meet) for their Coach Dave Collins in his final term as Panthers Coach.Canterbury despite the loss, have claimed the minor premiership, and will welcome back absent form player Stuart Brierty to bolster them for their crucial semi-final against Wests this Friday night.In the other up late clash at 9.00pm, wooden spooners Manly showed great spirit and composure to force a 4 – 4 draw with a disappointing Cronulla Sharks side.The Sharkies entered the contest knowing that they had to rely on Canterbury to beat Penrith by plenty, and they themselves needed to dispatch Manly by a cricket score to sneak into the finals.Cronulla couldn’t get flowing yet held a narrow 3-2 ascendancy at half-time courtesy of a touchdown double to Rhys ‘The Claw” Bevan and Brad Edwards.The Sharkies camp, now resigned to missing the semi-final boat, seemed to be waving goodbye to their finals aspirations as they floated past in the shadows of half time.Cronulla much to their own chagrin, played without conviction in an unconvincing second half.Conversely, the game Manly combination hung tough with Harry and Put Berryman leading the way with young gun Sam Brisby and Daniel Chitty playing with maturity beyond their tender 15 years for the duration of the game.Manly bounced back after the break determined to get back into the contest and finish their season off in style.The Sea Eagles equalized soon after the resumption and hit the front with five minutes remaining.Sharkies Australian Mixed Open World Cup star Matt Tope then donned the superman cape to snare a touchdown and salvage a 4-4 draw for Cronulla.The draw was a disappointing end to the 15-year career of Sharkies and former Penrith stalwart Mark Collins. The uncompromising winger who won both a Vawdon and State Cup will be remembered as a great team person and a true gentleman of the game.In the early clash at 8.10pm the talented Parramatta Eels finished their season on a high by edging out a game Easts Roosters 4-3 in a spirited derby at Penrith.Both teams were down on numbers with the Roosters missing key players who were competing at the Australian University Games on Queensland’s Gold Coast, and Parramatta without Dean Wilbow and Daniel Mahoney.Parramatta got out to a solid 2-0 lead before the Roosters hit back before half time to make the score 2-1 to the Eels. Parramatta’s shining light all season, Australian Men’s Open World Cup star Jamie Stowe, was again calling the shots and directing the young Eels line-up around the park, whilst East’s Mr. Consistency Christian Frost was doing his utmost to keep the Eels in the hunt.Easts were boosted by the half-time appearance of Manu Wakely who had flown back from the Uni-Games to reinforce the depleted Roosters line up.Both combinations scrapped it out in a mistake riddled second half with the two teams trading touchdowns before the Eels emerged 4-3 winners.East’s Jonathon Rook, making a courageous comeback from a delicate sinus operation, answered the call to play for the Roosters and assisted Frost and Wakely to finish the season off with honour.The Easts boys will now break for a week, before concentrating on their State Cup preparations.Parramatta Coach Glenn Fitzgerald has done an impressive job with the young Eels combination that has made a solid start to rebuilding their fortunes in the Premier League with an improved season.The impressive form of “Comeback King” Troy Malcolm and the irrepressible Stowe, and Dean Wilbow, coupled with the raft of young guns the Eels count in their lower grade ranks augurs well for the future, including the State Cup in December.Wests Magpies and Hornsby played out a thrilling 5 – 5 draw in an 8.10pm clash at Penrith in a game that was tighter than an NRL players footy shorts after an end of season trip.The two sides who have been gunning all season for the prized second spot on the ladder to ensure two bites at the Grand Final cherry, did not, to paraphrase Phil Gould “Let fear hold them back” in going all out to secure the coveted second spot.In one of the fastest games of the season, both teams turned to their big match specialists to pull the trigger on the big plays in an absorbing end-to-end battle.For West’s, Daniel Rushworth was throwing his ridiculously good looking Zoolander long ball, Jason Stanton was doing the sliding dive over, and Jason Yee was more dangerous with the footy than Shane Warne with a mobile phone in his hands.The Fleet of foot Hornsby Lions combination had the holy trinity of Dylan Hennessey and John and Maurice Kennedy running the show with more cheek than a “Chasers Mission”The two teams went to the break deadlocked at 3-3.The game was played with a lot of passion and a couple of the Young Lions were spied growling in the bin after being given periods of time in successive sets.The Lions boys leaked a touchdown in the six on four situation, but bounced back well to recover from the 4-3 deficit to get back into the contest and lock it up at 4-4. The sides traded touchdowns again with Hornsby’s John Kennedy nailing a hat trick to secure the draw for his team.The two teams prodded each other searching for the knock-out punch that never quite came and had to settle for an honourable draw and a “to be continued” epitaph to their growing rivalry.Hennessey, the “5 metre man,” the Kennedy twins, and Mick Abood were the glue that held the Lion’s effort together, whilst the World Cup connection of Dan “The Raging Bull” Rushworth, Jason Stanton, and comeback King Anthony Ziade starred for the Magpies.Ziade, in his first game back since rupturing his anterior cruciate ligament five months ago, was a revelation for the black and whites and will be an invaluable weapon in coming weeks for the Magpies during the Finals series.The Magpies will be looking to consolidate their form and put some tough questions to Canterbury in the Major semi-final, whilst the Young Lions will set their sights on a battle to the death with fellow young guns Penrith on Friday night in the minor semi-final.In the Women’s Premier League, Canterbury Bankstown produced a withering 12- 0 touchdown blitz to wrap up the Minor Premiership and demolish Penrith on their home turf in the 7.20pm clash. The Doggies found their rhythm early and raced to a 6-0 lead by oranges.The undefeated minor premiers went right on with the job scoring 6 unanswered touchdowns to ensure the scoreboard attendant earned their keep and the Penrith girls got the chance to commit their tap off plays to memory with more restarts than the Men’s 100 Metre Final at the Sydney Olympics.Louise and Clare Winchester were again dominant for the Doggies in a solid team performance that has them humming along nicely coming into Friday night’s Major Semi-final blockbuster against Easts.Penrith never threw the towel in at any point, and one inspired “sniper” dive on the scoreline by Shannon Hackett on a touchdown bound Kate Fitzsimmons brought the Wests bench to their feet.Hackett was the standout for Penrith along with Stacey Renny and young guns Ali Tairi and Tara Boland who never stopped trying for the youthful Panthers who will be better for their 2007 Vawdon Cup experiences.In the 8.10pm game, Premiers Easts Roosters completed a comfortable 5-2 victory over a gutsy Manly Sea Eagles combination to tune up for this week’s crunch semi-final with the Doggies.The Roosters, who were without their Captain Melissa Pitfield, who was rested due to a troublesome hamstring, swapped one superstar for another when they welcomed prodigal daughter, Australian Women’s Open Vice Captain Amanda Judd back into the line-up.Judd, who has been absent from the Roosters playing roster since Round 5 with a debilitating foot injury, has arrived back at the right time of the season with Easts in need of some big game experience and class as they go into the championship rounds of the competition.The Roosters were up comfortably at the break 4-1, and went on to record a 5-1 scoreline.Kristy Judd, Kristin Boss, and Pepita Macalister-Knight were the Tri-colours best, whilst Rachel Cleave and Kylie Stewart were Manly’s standouts in a gutsy team performance.The Wollongong Devils capped a fantastic debut season in the Vawdon Cup by downing Cronulla Sharks 2-1 in the clutch game for a 2007 Semi-final berth at 8.10pm at Penrith on Friday night.Even though a close loss by ‘The Young Divas” would have seen them qualify for the finals, it was still a game they needed to win to cement themselves in their own minds as legitimate contenders for the 2007 finals series.The Young Divas, who had several players involved in the X Blades National 18 Years and Under Championships in Coffs Harbour, justified their decision to skip seeing ‘SuperBad” at the movies and play Touch instead on Friday night by defeating the Sharkies in a game closer than the Olsen twins.Cronulla, who have at times been underachievers in 2007, have been the “heartbreak kids” of the competition – their lack of numbers has translated into inconsistent performances that hurt the team when all the chocolates were on the line. Sharkies fielded a team without 6 regular players again on Friday night, with wingers Susan Smith and Jaqueline Morris playing the entire game without a substitute.The effort was always going to show on the 9-player Sharks compliment.The Young Divas got out to an early lead in the first half courtesy of a Mel Mc Call acting half burst resulting in a touchdown to Nicole “Captain Serro” Beck.Mc Call showed her class again, cutting a swathe through the Sharkies defence from acting half before linking with Amanda Skwarko for a 2-0 lead.Cronulla drove strongly and hit back with a touchdown before half time to leave the contest delicately balanced at 2-1.The punters however, left the grounds feeling short changed with an uneventful second half that saw neither side trouble the scorers.Mc Call, and Rachel “Baby Serro” Beck were Wollongong’s best, whilst Sue Smith and Jess Howe never stopped trying for the Sharkies who played with a lot of heart to contain the dangerous Young Divas who were full of running.Wollongong will now take on the inform Wests Magpies in the Minor Semi-final to attempt to extend their season and their night time curfew for at least another week.In the “bedie bye” clash at 9.00pm, Wests Magpies tuned up for their Finals campaign with a rolling 8-1 victory over a depleted Central Coast Dolphins line-up who were brave again, despite their dwindling player base.Australian Women’s Open World Cup star Stacey Lapham, Jess Lumby, Diane Doan and the inform Sara Hamilton were prominent for the Magpies whilst the under strength Dolphins battled hard until the full-time siren sounded to end a tough season for the Central Coast combination.With all the preliminaries taken care of, it’s time to get down to business with Touch Football fans about to be treated to an absolute smorgasbord of enticing big match fare on the menu with the Vawdon Cup Finals series beginning in earnest this Friday, and continuing with Preliminary Finals Friday week, culminating with the 2007 Vawdon Cup Grand Final on Friday 19 October, 2007.In Men’s Premier League First Semi-final action, Minor Premiers Canterbury will battle against 2006 NSW State Cup champions Wests Magpies at 7.50pm at Bankstown, with the victor winning an automatic passage through to the Vawdon Cup Grand Final on Friday 19 October 2007, whilst the loser will back up Friday week to secure a second crack at a Grand Final appearance.The fleet of foot Hornsby Lions will meet 2006 Premiers the Penrith Panthers at 9.30pm at Bankstown in the Second Semi-final.The winner of this clash lives to fight another Friday night in next week’s Preliminary Final; the loser will be lining up their drinks for “Silly Saturday” and booking their seats on the hill to watch the Grand Final.In Women’s Premier League Finals action, Canterbury Bulldogs and Easts Roosters will both be looking forward to their marquee clash at 7.00pm at Bankstown.Last time the two heavyweights of Women’s Touch met in Round 6 of the Vawdon Cup, inclement weather intervened to force the game into a conservative arm wrestle that demanded a mistake free and measured approach.Observers are tipping a more free flowing game this time with the big guns in either line-up keen to make their mark on the keynote contest.It’ll be standing room only for this one with some of the best players in the Women’s game lining up on either side of the halfway line on Friday.The fierce rivalry between the two great teams of the Vawdon Cup will ensure a fascinating contest that should go right down to the wire.A win secures the Willie Wonka like Golden ticket to the 2007 Grand Final, and both teams will be pulling out all stops to earn the grand final berth and a week’s rest.In the Second semi-final, at 8.40pm at Bankstown, Wests Magpies will take on the Wollongong Devils for the right to extend their season for at least one more week in the Preliminary Final against the loser of the Major Semi-final between Canterbury and Easts.Wests have the personnel to push strongly for the 2007 title, and the Young Divas have nothing but inexperience to lose in what shapes as an intriguing battle.This week’s “Blackest Cat” for the Player of the Round in Men’s Premier League goes to West’s Anthony Ziade who is doubling as the new “Six Million Dollar Man”West’s Coach Paul Sfier was heard to utter the following at Wests training in the early days of Ziade’s rehabilitation from a serious knee injury that required reconstructive surgery to his ACL and included damage to the meniscus and the Medial ligament as well:“Gentlemen, we can rebuild him. We have the technology. We have the capability to build the world’s first bionic man. Anthony Ziade will be that man. Better than he was before. Better, stronger, faster.”Five months later, Anthony has made remarkable progress to be back in time for the Vawdon Cup finals, and had a great game Friday against Hornsby to mark his return.There is no truth to the rumour Anthony has a bionic eye to see gaps before others see them!The “Go to Girl” for the Player of the Round in the Women’s Premier League division goes to Penrith’s Shannon Hackett, who despite staring down the barrel of a 12-0 result at the hands of a white hot Canterbury line-up, chased Kate Fitzsimmons the length of the field and summoned a huge diving touch to nab her opponent on the scoreline.Great effort from Shannon to exemplify what our game is all about…There is also no truth to the rumour that the thin grass covering on the 5 metre line at the Canterbury scoring end at Penrith was covering over a treadmill track that Fitzsimmons got stuck on enroute to the scoreline…There we go folks, all round games “done and dusted” for the Vawdon Cup in 2007.And then there were four… Get yourself out to Bankstown this Friday night to see all the Semi-final action in all 10 divisions of the Vawdon Cup, remember to book your Finals tickets through Ticketek to avoid disappointment and the cheap seats.Many thanks to all of those who have contributed to the Round 10 wrap, special thanks to all the players, coaches, and officials who are now out of finals contention for all your great work on the field and in supplying information for the wrap this season.It’s finals time so it’s time to up the ante kids, so this week, when in doubt throw the double cut out flick pass.Good luck to all teams for the Finals Series.For all the latest information, draws, and results, please visit the New South Wales Touch Association website: www.nswtouch.com.au
Ohio StateUrban Meyer is attempting to replace quite a bit of talent this summer. His Ohio State football team lost 15 players to the NFL, but the show goes on in Columbus, Ohio, which will likely still be home to a top 10 team. The Buckeyes will still be a top 10 team because Meyer has been recruiting at an extremely high level and there are plenty of of four and five-star prospects ready to step in. Those young players have apparently been performing fairly well this offseason. Ohio State released today a hype video titled, “Young Bucks On The Grind.” Check it out:15 #Buckeyes gone to the #NFL? Next man up.Young Bucks are on the #grind to make an impact in 2016.#GoBucks https://t.co/BlkMtf28M1— Ohio State Football (@OhioStateFB) June 23, 2016Ohio State opens fall camp in a little more than a month. The Buckeyes begin their 2016 season Sept. 3 at Ohio Stadium against Bowling Green.
It’s shaping up to be another soggy day in Ontario’s cottage country.Environment Canada has issued a rainfall warning for Bracebridge, Huntsville and other communities north of Toronto that have already been battling rising waters for the past week.The national weather service is predicting up to 40 millimetres of rain in some areas by Thursday morning.It comes as several communities in the region remain under states of emergency, including Bracebridge, Huntsville and Minden Hills.The Town of Bracebridge says in a statement that another 60 Canadian Armed Forces reservists will be deployed to the area, to add to the 100 who are already assisting with flood relief efforts.Meantime, the Toronto and Region Conservation Authority has issued a shoreline hazard warning for Lake Ontario, urging people in the city to use caution along the waterfront. The Canadian Press
Login/Register With: A scene from Warner Bros. Canada’s ‘Veronica Mars’ Bell is also an executive producer on the revival, which sees her character investigating the murders of spring breakers in the fictional town of Neptune.New cast members in the revival include J.K. Simmons and Patton Oswalt.Crave will stream the three previous seasons of “Veronica Mars,” which originally aired from 2004 to 2007.Bell Media says Crave has also acquired the Hulu comedy series “Shrill,” starring Aidy Bryant of “Saturday Night Live,” who is also a co-writer and co-executive producer on the show.She plays Annie, who’s described as “a fat young woman who wants to change her life, but not her body.”Lorne Michaels and Elizabeth Banks are among the other executive producers on “Shrill,” which arrives on Crave on May 3. LEAVE A REPLY Cancel replyLog in to leave a comment TORONTO — An upcoming revival of “Veronica Mars” has found a Canadian home.Bell Media says the series will arrive on its Crave streaming service later this year in a deal with Warner Bros. International Television Distribution.Hulu streaming service in the U.S. has already ordered the eight new one-hour episodes of the dramedy, which stars Kristen Bell as a private investigator. Advertisement Facebook Advertisement Advertisement Twitter
Ohio State starting pitcher John Havird (23) throws in NCAA tournament game versus Louisville on June 4. Courtesy: OSU AthleticsThe Ohio State baseball team fell in a large, early hole and was unable to climb out as they lost 15-3 to the host, and No. 1 seeded, Louisville in the second round of the Louisville regional.After striking out the side on 11 pitches in the top of the first inning, sophomore starting pitcher Brendan McKay helped his own cause in the bottom half of the inning, driving a 1-2 pitch over the right field wall to give the Cardinals an early 2-0 advantage.In the third inning, the rain started pouring down in Louisville, and so did the runs. It was again McKay who sparked the offense as he delivered a RBI single to right with runners on first and second. After two doubles and a passed ball scored three more runs, senior first baseman Danny Rosenbaum mashed a two-run home run to deep left-center field to expand the lead to 8-0. That would end the night for Ohio State’s starter, senior left-hander John Havird. Two more runs off redshirt sophomore right-hander Austin Woodby would make it 10-0 Louisville before the third inning ended.From that point on, it was all Louisville. The Cardinals added three runs in the fourth inning off another home run from Rosenbaum and they plated an additional run in the fifth.The Buckeyes would eventually put themselves on the board. With a runner on first, senior pinch-hitter Daulton Mosbarger hit a homerun over the right field wall to cut the deficit to only 12. A run in the bottom of the eighth by Louisville and a run in the top of the ninth by Ohio State brought the final score to 15-3It was a brutal outing for Ohio State’s starting pitcher on the mound. John Havird entered the day with a 6-3 record and a 3.02 ERA, but ended the night with a loss and a 3.73 ERA. He failed to register an out in the third inning as he gave up six runs on a walk and five hits in the inning. Havird finished the night with two innings pitched, eight hits, eight runs (all earned), two walks and only one strikeout. He also surrendered two home runs in his two innings of work after only allowing two in his previous 92 innings.Louisville’s sophomore starting pitcher Brendan McKay, on the other hand, was extremely sharp both on the mound and at the dish. McKay delivered 5.2 scoreless innings before his outing was cut short by a 48 minute rain delay in the top of the sixth. He allowed only six baserunners off three hits and three walks. McKay struck out ten batters in the outing. At the plate, McKay was two for four with a home run, three runs batted in and two runs scoredFollowing the loss to the Cardinals, the Buckeyes will attempt to stave off elimination and keep their title hopes alive in a rematch against the Wright State Raiders on Sunday at noon.
Coming off three starts as a true freshman, sophomore outside linebacker Ryan Shazier enters his second season firmly entrenched as a starter on the Ohio State football team’s defense.Shazier is one of many young linebackers who will play for the Buckeyes this season. Along with middle linebacker Curtis Grant, Shazier is one of two starting sophomore linebackers, while four of the seven linebackers listed on Monday’s depth chart are freshmen.First-year coach Urban Meyer admitted that Shazier is “real young,” but he has high expectations for him.“I’m biased because I love the guy,” Meyer said. “His God-given skill level is really high, so our expectation level is an all-Big Ten type player, at some point. He has that skill level.”Shazier’s own expectations are even higher.“One of my goals since I was little was to be an All-American,” Shazier said. “I’m just going to work my butt off to be an All-American or one of the top linebackers in the nation, so I’m just going to keep working hard, being a leader and just try to do the best I can.”Shazier made an immediate impact last season once he cracked the starting lineup. He finished the year with 57 total tackles, five tackles for loss, two forced fumbles and a blocked punt. Meyer said his work ethic is a major factor in his success.“He gives everything he’s got,” Meyer said. “He’s so sincere about what he does.”Shazier said he recognizes that his team will be relying on him more than it did last year, and is ready for the added responsibility.“This year’s a lot different than last year,” Shazier said. “I have to be a leader a lot more than last year. I’m just working on my ability to try and be a lot better than I was, and work on my footwork, my technique and helping the young guys out a lot.”In addition to being a starting outside linebacker in the 4-3 defensive scheme, the Buckeyes’ base alignment, defensive coordinator Everett Withers said Shazier will also start in the team’s nickel defensive package, along with senior linebacker Etienne Sabino.Withers said the nickel package will be a very important aspect of the team’s defense this year.“I think we’ll be in (the nickel defense) a fair amount,” Withers said. “The offense, at times, dictates how much nickel you play.”In the base defense, Withers said Grant will be the “quarterback” and lead play-caller of the defense, but with Grant off the field in the nickel package, some of that responsibility might shift to Shazier.Shazier addressed the possibility of having to assume that leadership responsibility.“It’s going to be important for me to make a lot of play calls in the nickel and everything, but we also have Sabino, so he’s going to help me out,” Shazier said. “I feel that my role is going to be about the same (in the nickel) as it is in (the base defense). I’m just going to have (to) come in, help make tackles, help lead the defense and just stop the offense from scoring and stop them from gaining yards and getting the offense in great field position.”While Meyer inherited Shazier as a player on the roster when he was hired at OSU, Shazier had been on Meyer’s radar long before either became a Buckeye. Meyer recruited Shazier, a native of Plantation, Fla., while he was still the head coach at the University of Florida.“I’ve known him for several years now, because I recruited him when I was at Florida,” Meyer said. “You can’t help but like Ryan Shazier.”Shazier said that Meyer’s name was “legendary” while he was still a high school recruit in Florida, but playing for Meyer has opened up his eyes to a different side of the famous coach.“He’s intense when he’s recruiting you, but when it’s on the field, he’s another level, He doesn’t play around,” Shazier said. “He’s really serious, and I really like it about him, but he’s really intense and he’s really going to push us to the next level.”
KEIRON Cunningham was understandably proud of his players following their 25-22 win at Warrington – and paid tribute to his youngsters and Theo Fages.Saints produced a performance of real guile and class to topple the league leaders, even though they were missing eight first team regulars.“I thought it was the same committed performance we have put together for the last three games but we were unlucky last week against Hull FC,” he said. “If you’re persistent with that and do the right things then you make your own luck in rugby league.“And that is what we did tonight.“We were on the end of some tough calls in that first half. There was a 6-2, 7-2 penalty count which was disappointing but we fought against that, came back and then kept hold of a lead. I am so proud of my players.“I thought the young boys were immense. Morgan Knowles is something else and you are yet to see the best of him. We threw him out there and he was outstanding. He played 50-60 minutes.“Jake (Spedding) on the wing didn’t let anyone down too and did a solid job against some good outside backs – and Jack Ashworth took his try well too.“These are the games kids want to play in. As coaches you’d rather go in with a full acquisition but kids remember these games. It develops them and gives them character. It makes them the players they will be in the future.”He continued: “Theo Fages is coming of age. Without singing his praises too much when we initially had the opportunity to sign him I told the chairman he would be the Club’s number 7 for next 12 or so years if we could afford to keep him.“On tonight’s game he showed just how good a player he is at such a young age. With the right people around him, doing the right things, he is someone who can take you the right places.”Saints are next in action this coming Thursday April 14 at Langtree Park when they host Catalan Dragons.Tickets are now on sale from the Ticket Office, by calling 01744 455 052 or by logging on here.
The Listening Club Initiative was launched by the Rugby Football League in 2017, as part of the NSPCC’s Child Protection in Sport Unit, to encourage all clubs to work closely with children to ensure they feel valued and safe.Liza Ware, senior consultant for the CPSU, made the presentation during the half-time break in Friday’s game between Saints and Hull KR.“The CPSU and Rugby Football League have worked together to help protect children and young people in the sport for more than 17 years,” she explains.“Rugby League has consistently shown its commitment to take its safeguarding responsibilities very seriously.“The Listening Clubs Initiative is just one way that Rugby League is trying to ensure children and young people are safe and have an enjoyable time when they participate in the sport.“Creating an environment where children feel their voice is heard is a very important aspect of safeguarding. Children are safer when they know they have trusting adults around them who will take their worries and concerns seriously – and who will take steps to make positive changes.“It is very heartening to see in St.Helens a club at the highest level of the professional game who are committed to ensuring the safety of children and young people who are on the talent pathway.“They are the first Super League club to achieve this standard. I hope this encourages other clubs – whether elite or grassroots – to follow their lead.“We know from research that talented young players and adults are more vulnerable that others to abuse – and need protecting.“Unfortunately, there have been some people who have exploited young people’s dreams for their own gratification. Rugby League want to create an atmosphere where children actively participate in decision-making processes about their club and their training. This can only be for the better, and will help secure the future of the sport and for everyone who takes part in it.”Colette Eden, the RFL’s Safeguarding Manager, added: “On behalf of the RFL, congratulations to St.Helens for the excellent work they have done to qualify for the Listening Club Achievement award.“We introduced the initiative in 2017 at our 10th annual Safeguarding Conference, and there has been significant progress made in this area since then.“For Saints to earn this recognition should underline to all our clubs the importance of listening to children and young people, to improve the environment.“We’re delighted that Liza Ware will be attending from the NSPCC, and we hope she enjoyed the game!”
AddThis Share Contact: Michael BerryhillPhone: (713) 527-4943 Rice University Appoints Hirasaki Chemical Engineering Professor Rice University officials announced the appointment of George Hirasaki, a Beaumont native and longtime Vidor resident, asprofessor in chemical engineering effective July 1, 1993. Hirasaki is the son of the late Tokuzo Hirasaki and the grandson of K. Kishi, founder of the first Japanese colony in Orange County in 1906. The colony originally raised rice but formed a petroleumcompany when oil was discovered on the community’s property. Hirasaki graduated from Vidor High School in 1958, received a chemical engineering degree in 1963 from Lamar University and earnedhis Ph.D. in chemical engineering in 1967 from Rice. After graduating from Rice, Hirasaki joined Shell Development Company in Houston. He remained there until his retirement in January 1993. He was a part-time lecturer at Rice from 1977 until1992, when he was named to a part-time professorship. In 1991, Hirasaki was elected to the National Academy of Engineering for his contributions in interfacial phenomena in oilrecovery.”George Hirasaki’s accomplishments have earned him the highest esteem among colleagues in industry and academia,” said Michael M.Carroll, dean of the George R. Brown School of Engineering at Rice. “He has also been an outstanding teacher at Rice. We are delightedthat he is now becoming a full-time member of the Rice community.”His presence will further enhance the quality of our faculty.” ###
The 2017 Chevrolet Bolt EV is seen at the Washington Auto Show in Washington. General Motors Co. said on Tuesday its electric subcompact Chevrolet Bolt EV will have an average range of 238 miles on a full charge, farther than rival Tesla Motors Inc. expects for its upcoming Model 3.The Bolt EV will be launched in a few months, nearly a year before the Tesla Model 3, with a starting price for U.S. consumers of $37,500 that is similar to the announced starting price for the Model 3.The sale price is before ancillary charges and a federal tax credit available to U.S. buyers that could be $7,500.The Bolt is on track to be the first fully electric car with at least 200 miles of driving range per charge and a starting price below $40,000. Tesla’s Model S and Model X offer driving ranges of more than 200 miles, but at prices that start at roughly double the Bolt’s.The Bolt is also seen as the first affordable fully electric car.The average selling price for a new vehicle in the United States is about $31,000, and GM reported that in August, its vehicles were sold to U.S. consumers at an average of $36,730. These prices reflect discount incentives to spur sales, which are not normally generous or even available for the newest of models.GM’s share price was little changed following the expected announcement. In premarket trading on Tuesday, shares were at $31.17, a cent lower than Monday’s close.GM has said that the Bolt, along with the plug-in hybrid Chevrolet Volt, will be made available to drivers of the ride-hailing service Lyft Inc., in which GM has invested half a billion dollars.(Reporting by Bernie Woodall; Editing by Bernadette Baum) Attend this free webinar and learn how you can maximize efficiency while getting the most critical things done right. Add to Queue 2 min read September 13, 2016 The Bolt EV will be launched in a few months, nearly a year before the Tesla Model 3, with a starting price for U.S. consumers of $37,500. Register Now » This story originally appeared on Reuters Next Article Electric Cars 49shares GM Says the Bolt EV Will Have a 238-Mile Range, More Than Tesla’s Model 3 Image credit: Reuters | Gary Cameron Reuters Free Webinar | Sept 5: Tips and Tools for Making Progress Toward Important Goals
HITRUST – A health care certification offering a third-party assessment that verifies an organisation meets all of the industry-defined requirements of the Common Security Framework and provides a prescriptive framework for managing the security requirements inherent in HIPAA.Impact Level 4 – Federal and Department of Defense agencies can now use Appian as a managed service for low-code applications that must meet the strict IL4 requirements for Controlled Unclassified Information (CUI). At IL4, an Appian application can be used to manage and store Export Controls, Privacy Information (including PII), Protected Health Information (PHI), and other information requiring explicit CUI designation.Marketing Technology News: SAP Offers New SaaS Solution to Onboard Millions of Partner Users, Granting Access to Sensitive Data Without Regulatory Risk No-Code “Connected Systems,” Simplified Design, and Worry-Free DeploymentAppian announced the newest version of the low-code Appian Platform, which increases the speed and business impact of low-code development. The release fulfills Appian’s “Connected Systems” vision for no-code integration across a host of popular enterprise systems and services. The release extends Appian’s commitment to simplicity through visual query design of business data sources and intuitive controls to easily display that data in a grid. The new version also furthers Appian’s promise of worry-free deployment through enhanced automation for DevOps, and the addition of new certifications to Appian’s already industry-leading list of security accreditations.“Today’s release advances low-code development as a key IT asset for quickly building and deploying transformational and mission-critical business applications,” said Malcolm Ross, Vice President of Product at Appian. “Appian has the speed and enterprise-grade qualities to take our customers from idea to application in eight weeks. That’s the mission of the Appian Guarantee.”Connected SystemsWith the new release, Appian expands the Appian AppMarket’s library of no-code Connected Systems and UI Component Plug-ins. These packaged integrations to specific 3rd-party functionality and systems increase the speed and business impact of solutions for the contact centre, customer experience, and operational performance. They are built by Appian, its partners, and customers using Appian’s recently-announced Integration Software Development Kit (SDK) that makes creating 3rd-party integration plug-ins simple.A small sample of the new Connected Systems and Component Plug-ins now packaged with Appian or from the Appian AppMarket includes:Twilio – makes integration with Twilio easy for Appian Intelligent Contact Center(ICC) customers, empowering contact centre reps with advanced call controls for real-time customer communications.Salesforce – delivers intuitive no-code integration between Appian and Salesforce.Automation Anywhere – orchestrate and manage Automation Anywhere robotic process automations from Appian.Google Maps – provides integrations to location and directions services from Google Maps for interactive display in an Appian interface.Google Charts – created by Appcino, integrates data and chart visualisations from Google into AppianGoogle Cloud Translate – detection and translation services for input text.Event Pusher – created by Vision Point Systems, enhances Appian interfaces with dynamic event handling powered by Pusher.Temasys Skylink Real-Time Communications – offered by Temasys adding real-time web communication and co-browse within Appian interfaces.Microsoft PowerBI – create and easily embed coherent, visually immersive, and interactive insights from PowerBI directly in Appian.Amazon S3 – manage Amazon Web Services (AWS) S3 data stores and access S3 objects directly from an Appian interface.Genesys – delivers easy access to Genesys data and enhances Appian/Genesys integration with advanced voice transfer telephony controls.Marketing Technology News: TrustArc Platform Enhancements Simplify Privacy Management for CCPA, GDPR and Other Global RegulationsLow-Code Development through Visual Query and Grid Design The new Appian release makes application design even more simple. Appian previously announced the expansion of its patented SAIL (Self-Assembling Interface Layer) framework to allow automatic and intelligent creation of interfaces based only on a data model. The latest Appian release makes this even easier with a new no-code visual interface for creating data store queries. Query creation is used in every application, and is one of the most challenging tasks in application design. Appian’s new Visual Query Editor allows designers to create queries faster and with fewer errors, while requiring less expertise to get started. The Visual Query Editor is fully integrated with Appian’s Interface Designer and new-evolved Paging Grid.Worry-free DeploymentThe new release bolsters Appian’s position as the most secure, reliable and scalable cloud platform for the enterprise. New DevOps features make it easier than ever to automate deployment of new apps across systems. This includes a host of code review and monitoring features across application elements including process models, data, rules, and interfaces.Marketing Technology News: SherWeb Introduces UCaaS Integration of Microsoft Office 365 With World-Class Hosted VoiceWith this release, Appian has also extended its industry lead in security accreditations with the addition of:ISO 27001 – Demonstrates that the certified organisation has identified the risks, assessed the implications and put in place a managed set of security controls to limit any damage to the organisation, its data and operations. Appian Intelligent Contact CenterAppian PlatformMarketing TechnologyNewsSoftware Development KitVisual Query Editor Previous ArticleiPinYou Took the Lead in Construction of Big Data Security SystemsNext ArticleGigaSpaces Partners With Informatica to Deliver an Intelligent Digital Integration Hub Across Cloud and On-Premise Latest Version of the Appian Platform Increases Speed and Impact of Low-code Development PRNewswireMay 21, 2019, 1:57 pmMay 21, 2019
Reviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Dec 13 2018A new study links hearing loss with an increased risk for mortality before the age of 75 due to cardiovascular disease. Researchers at the Robert N. Butler Columbia Aging Center at Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health found that mortality among those with hearing loss is elevated, particularly among men and women younger than age 75 and those who are divorced or separated. However, mortality risk was diminished in adults with a well-hearing partner. This is the first study to investigate the combined effects of hearing loss with partnership, parental status, and increased mortality risk. The findings are published in the journal Social Science and Medicine.”Old age greatly increases the risk for hearing loss,” said Vegard Skirbekk, PhD, Columbia Aging Center faculty member and professor of Population and Family Health at the Mailman School of Public Health. “Therefore, as the population ages, we are seeing increasing numbers of people with hearing loss. At the same time, there are greater numbers of adults living without a partner–putting people with hearing loss at an increased risk for death.”Deaths related to cancer and injuries or as a result of injuries were not affected by hearing loss, although aaccident-related mortality was higher among the hearing impaired who lacked partners or children. “This may be due to a greater fatality from traffic-related incidents, for instance, as family members otherwise may have helped to prevent many of these deaths through warnings or preventive action,” said Bo Engdahl of the Norwegian Institute of Public Health, and first author.Hearing loss is the fourth leading cause of disability. Strongly age dependent, it increases from approximately one percent among those aged 40 to 44 up to 50 percent in women and 62 percent in men aged 80 to 84.The researchers analyzed data from 50,462 adults enrolled in the Nord-Trøndelag Hearing Loss Study from 1996 to 1998. They used the Norwegian Cause of Death Registry to identify deaths until 2016. Data on marital status and number of children was obtained from the National Population Registry. The researchers also categorized smoking frequency, alcohol use, and physical activity.Related StoriesAge and excessive noise have different effects on brain’s sound processingNew $9.7 million NIH grant project seeks to improve hearing restorationChildren’s Tumor Foundation establishes significant research initiative to combat NF2According to Engdahl and Skirbekk, there are several explanations for the association between hearing loss and mortality. Families may be more likely to stay supportive and present even during spells of poor health compared to friends or those with weaker ties, which may reduce some of the mortality risk associated with functional impairments. Having a partner could allow someone with hearing loss to be socially active to a greater extent, as the spouse may provide support, take initiative, and help them overcome thresholds for socializing with others. A spouse could also encourage the use of technical support, such as hearing aids, and assist in consulting health services when necessary. Being in a relationship may also serve as a buffer against detrimental economic consequences of hearing loss.”It is well known that rapid population-level aging is likely to result in a greater prevalence of hearing impairment, and that a loss of hearing can raise mortality risks. However there has not yet been much focus on how these effects relate to ongoing changes in family dynamics. Our findings verify that excess mortality among the hearing impaired can be particularly high among individuals with certain family constellations, such as men who are divorced or women who do not have children,” noted Skirbekk. “When governments develop plans to lower the incidence of hearing impairment, they may want to consider the family dimension when designing intervention and social and health support systems.” Source:https://www.mailman.columbia.edu/public-health-now/news/hearing-loss-risk-factor-premature-death
This article was reprinted from khn.org with permission from the Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Kaiser Health News, an editorially independent news service, is a program of the Kaiser Family Foundation, a nonpartisan health care policy research organization unaffiliated with Kaiser Permanente. Reviewed by Kate Anderton, B.Sc. (Editor)Jun 20 2019President Donald Trump made a new promise if voters grant him a second term: “We will come up with the cures to many, many problems, to many, many diseases, including cancer.”Trump’s statement was part of his 2020 campaign kickoff in Orlando, Fla., on Tuesday. It echoed remarks by former vice president and Democratic candidate Joe Biden on the stump last week in Iowa: “I promise you, if I’m elected president, you’re going to see the single most important thing that changes America: We’re going to cure cancer.””Let’s cure cancer” is hardly a new political ambition. Go back to 1971, when then-President Richard Nixon launched “The War on Cancer” by signing the National Cancer Act, which directed $1.6 billion to research and established the National Cancer Institute.Or take a famous fictional White House: On “The West Wing,” a TV drama that first aired from 1999 to 2006, President Jed Bartlet pushes to include in his State of the Union a pledge to “cure cancer in 10 years.”In 2016, President Barack Obama tapped Biden to run the White House’s “cancer moonshot” soon after Biden’s son Beau died of brain cancer.It’s a compelling promise. After all, who could be against curing the nation’s second-leading cause of death?If only it were that simple. Here are three reasons “let’s cure cancer” is very easy for politicians to say but very hard to accomplish.Neither the Trump campaign nor the Biden campaign responded to requests for comment.With Cancer, The Biology Is Especially TrickyCancer is multifaceted and uniquely complex — it is not so much one disease as a class of related diseases.”‘One cure’ is not a tenable concept,” said Edward Giovannucci, an associate professor at Harvard Medical School. “An analogy I think of is ‘curing infectious disease.’ No one would ever say this.”For one thing, individual cancers mutate differently. And those different mutations don’t always respond to the same medicines. That means the best therapy for one person’s lymphoma might not work for someone else’s. And there is consistently potential for new cancer mutations to develop — meaning that, in some ways, there is also a consistent need for new treatments.”One cannot rightfully say, ‘In the next five years, we’re going to cure cancer,’ because cancer is so many different diseases,” said Dr. Philip Kantoff, the chairman of medicine at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center in New York.Some suggested literalism isn’t the point. And, to be fair, statements and pledges like these can yield advances in cancer treatment in research when accompanied by substantial increases in research funding or efforts to encourage interdisciplinary scientific endeavors.”One of the things Biden has done is generate a much larger public awareness that cancer is a set of problems that, if we direct both science and policy in the right way to it, we can actually transform,” said Paula Hammond, a chemical engineering professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, who has worked with the nonprofit Biden Cancer Initiative.We Already Have Treatments. But There’s An Affordability Problem.Many cancers — certain types of breast or colon cancer, for instance — are already curable. But they need to be promptly diagnosed and treated. Meanwhile, 27.4 million Americans don’t have health insurance.Universal prevention, treatment and curing of cancer means anyone with a chance of developing the disease needs health insurance, experts said. And the coverage needs to be robust enough that patients will go for preventive screenings and follow-up care, without being deterred by the cost.Related StoriesUsing machine learning algorithm to accurately diagnose breast cancerCancer killing capability of lesser-known immune cells identifiedNew study to ease plight of patients with advanced cancer”If you’re going to find it early, treat it early and completely, which would be the ‘cure it’ option, that’s something where insurance is going to be required, whether it’s ‘Medicare for All,’ or some variant of that,” said Amy Davidoff, a health economist at Yale who studies how cancer costs affect people.Focusing on treatments without expanding meaningful access to coverage, she said, is “problematic.”Already, that link is clear. For instance, research Davidoff worked on found that when states expanded eligibility for Medicaid coverage — optional under the Affordable Care Act — gaps between white and black adults closed when it came to timely treatment of advanced cancer.Health insurance — and universal health care, in particular — has already emerged as an election issue.Trump, for his part, has not rolled out a health care agenda. But his administration’s work thus far has exacerbated insurance barriers. Some 700,000 more Americans were uninsured in 2018 under Trump. The White House’s stance on a pending Obamacare lawsuit would dismantle the law, leaving millions more Americans without coverage and upending its protections for people with preexisting conditions — including, crucially, cancer.Biden has not formally released a health care platform, and he has favored policies to expand coverage. This week, he suggested making a “Medicare-like public option” generally available, and available at no premium for uninsured people who live in states that did not expand Medicaid.That sort of proposal could go a long way toward addressing the issues of uninsured people. But it also could leave holes.Currently, even if people have coverage, Davidoff said, the price tag for many newer cancer treatments and immunotherapies can put them well out of reach.That means the generosity of any public option, and indeed of any existing health plans, matters a great deal, too.The Importance Of Healthy HabitsAnd when it comes to advancing cancer treatment, experts stressed the importance of disease prevention.In practice, that means developing strategies to bring down smoking rates and obesity, or improving access to nutritious food. Those require funding, political will and a robust public health infrastructure — none of which is easy to come by. But the potential payoff is far bigger.”If we are to make very significant inroads on cancer mortality rates over the next several decades, we need to focus on prevention and early detection,” Giovannucci said. “We know the majority of cancers are, in principle, preventable.”