High Time to Overcome Textbook Revisionism Analysis & Opinion Analysis & Opinion Analysis & Opinion In commemoration ofthe 64th anniversary of the Korean War, one research institute conducted apublic opinion poll. The results showed that 4 out of 10 university students donot even know the date the Korean War broke out. How is it possible for anation’s people to have no knowledge of when such a national tragedy took place? This may be the reality of history education in South Korea. Peruseany middle or high school history textbook currently available and you can seethat their descriptions of the war are rife with inaccuracies. Generally speaking, middle andhigh school history textbooks hold that both the Soviet-supported Kim Il Sungand U.S.-backed Syngman Rhee were equally accountable for the war. They agree that North Korea prepared for the war with help from the Soviets, and that KimIl Sung ordered the invasion of the South. However, they also describe the Cold War environment, the “Acheson Line” (the nominal Americandefense perimeter), and battles around the Military Demarcation Line (MDL), giving them similar weight in the narrative and effectively downplaying the responsibility ofthe Soviets and Kim Il Sung. Furthermore, textbooks portray the Korean Waras a battle for unification, with military force the only optionavailable to achieve it.We must clearly statethat the Korean War was an illegal invasion of the South, supported by theSoviets and led by Kim Il Sung, and that the UN, including Syngman Rhee and the U.S.,fought back to defend liberalism. In other words, the Korean War was a conflictpredicated on the preservation of freedom. Other internal and external factorsmust be introduced, of course, but only whilst highlighting this core fact. Yet our historytextbooks do not emphasize this truth, and, in fact, tend to exonerate thoseresponsible. Depictions of thisnature suggest that textbooks remain under the influence of left wing revisionism.This approach is best represented by proponents like Bruce Cumings, who assert that theU.S. and South Korea provoked North Korea to invade, and that what had been acivil war thus escalated into the Korean War. By introducing the Acheson Line, the U.S.is alleged to have provoked Kim Il Sung into his invasion of the South. They alsoreference the Ongjin Peninsula and other areas along the front line, suggestingthat local skirmishes in such locations eventually blew up into something much bigger. It isimperative that Kim Il Sung’s responsibility for initiating the Korean Warwith Soviet backing, as well as China’s intentions, be madeclearer. When the Korean War is understood as the simple extension of a “civilwar” and if Soviet intentions are excluded or the U.S. is shown to haveprovoked it, it misleads students as to the war’s basic causes and development. This is a serious problem. On a 2013 visitto South Korea, Bruce Cummings stated, “Do not look to find out whoattacked first. The origins of the Korean War lie in the region from the OngjinPeninsula to the city of Kaesong, and those developments between May 1948 andJune 1950.” Yet Soviet and Chinesediplomatic documents are accessible now; they shed light on the real causes and who is responsible for what.Quite apart from this,our school textbooks contain numerous other misrepresentations. They accuse SyngmanRhee of delaying ceasefire talks. Some fail to mention civilianmassacres committed by the North, and only describe South Koreanatrocities. Regarding the influence of the Korean War, some describe the Rheeadministration as one which “implemented an anti-communist system and repressedboth those who opposed it politically and others who rightly criticized theregime’s corruption and incompetence.”By starting to correctly depict the Korean War, we can, at the very least, pay honor to the heroic soulswho made the supreme sacrifice for this nation and for liberal democracy. We need to reflect on all this,starting with the history textbooks that we provide to young people growing uphere.* Views expressed in Guest Columns do not necessarily reflect the views of Daily NK. SHARE Daily NKQuestions or comments about this article? Contact us at [email protected] Analysis & Opinion Pence Cartoon: “KOR-US Karaoke” Is Nuclear Peace with North Korea Possible? RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Tracking the “unidentified yellow substance” being dried out near the Yongbyon Nuclear Center Facebook Twitter By Daily NK – 2014.07.03 6:50pm
Consecutive Sundays of live and meaningful golf has proven that the game can move forward from COVID-19, albeit on a much smaller scale and with a wealth of understandable and relatable missteps along the way. The TaylorMade Driving Relief match and The Match: Champions for Charity were what officials had hoped for as golf inches closer to its official return next month at Colonial. Two exhibitions also set the stage for what we can expect when play resumes. Here’s what we learned from both: • Endless hours putting on living room carpet and hitting chip shots in the back yard may vaguely look like practice, but it’s a poor substitute for the real thing, and the two matches offered a glimpse of what to expect when play resumes – rust. With the exception of Rickie Fowler’s putting and Tiger Woods’ tee game, we’re talking lots and lots of rust. • Social distancing is going to cause awkward moments in the months to come, like the “air five” Rory McIlroy and Dustin Johnson exchanged after winning their bout at Seminole Golf Club or the “no five” between Phil Mickelson and Tom Brady when the duo eagled the par-4 11th hole at Medalist Golf Club. Rory delivers knockout shot to win 6 skins, $1.1 million • Any plan to return to play without caddies – which the PGA Tour discussed but eventually dismissed – was never going to work based on the two matches. At Seminole, the players appeared utterly lost on the greens and at Medalist, club selection was a serious challenge for everyone except Woods, who is the club’s most high-profile member. • Justin Thomas is going to be the game’s most insightful and straightforward television analyst in 25 years, when he’s finished with his Hall-of-Fame playing career. “Chuck [Barkley], I’d love to see your fat ass try to dunk,” was one of JT’s numerous unfiltered observations. • If every major was played at Seminole, the brilliant Donald Ross design, McIlroy would have already won the career Grand Slam. If every major was played at Medalist, the Tour’s unofficial South Florida home, Woods might never lose. • The pandemic has been difficult for everyone, but if the pause in action was beneficial for anyone it was Woods. Considering Tiger had skipped traditional starts at the WGC-Mexico Championship, Honda Classic and the Arnold Palmer Invitational to allow his body to recover before play was halted, he looked downright spry on Sunday. • Similarly, Mickelson still appears to be searching. Lefty has just a single top-10 finish this season and was fresh off back-to-back missed cuts when the schedule was suspended. At Medalist, he missed more fairways than he hit and was equally off-the-mark with his irons. He did, however, offer one of the more entertaining moments when Woods said he couldn’t match Mickelson’s length off the tee. “Dude, I’m 50. In three weeks, I’m going to be Champions Tour eligible,” Mickelson said to laughter. • Not that we “learned” this, but just as a reminder: golf is really hard. Peyton Manning’s first tee shot, really? As an aside, if the former signal caller ever wanted to get into the golf announcing business, we’d be the first to sign up for that. • Both matches also gave a glimpse into what golf will be like without fans. There’s certain to be a fair share of surreal moments, but the silence will provide players and caddies a chance to show some personality that otherwise would have been stepped on by the cheers. From Fowler acknowledging the non-existent applause following a birdie putt to Mickelson’s non-stop narration, it’s going to offer a humanized element to the broadcast. • Social distancing is also going to take time to figure out, if the matches were any indication. Six feet means 6 feet, and Woods’ momentary lapse when he grabbed Manning’s driver to help his partner with a drop is proof how challenging behavior modification will be. • Golf has always been a productive outlet for charities and the matches proved that the pandemic hasn’t changed that. More than $25 million was raised between the two matches to benefit COVID-19 relief and other charities. • There’s not going to be anything normal about golf’s return, but the matches did provide the game with a proof of concept. From four players on the course the last two weeks to 144 next month at Colonial, the game is learning how to carry on and the matches proved that point.
by Erin Forbes, DVM Vermont Veterinary Medical Association April is Prevent Lyme Disease in Dogs Month. Most people have heard of Lyme disease and know how prevalent it is in Vermont, but may not know much about it. Lyme disease is spread through deer tick bites and caused by a bacteria called borrelia burgdorferi. This disease can cause your dog to be lame, lethargic, and not want to eat. In more severe cases, it can lead to kidney disease and rarely death. Preventing Lyme disease through vaccines and preventatives is the best way to keep your dog healthy.Knowing the signs of Lyme disease is crucial as immediate treatment can prevent many of the complications associated with the disease. One of the first signs seen are signs of joint pain. This includes an unusual gait, favoring one leg, difficulty walking, or walking with an arched back. Your dog may be sensitive to being petted or may cry out when jumping. Other signs include a fever, acting tired, or not wanting to eat. Some dogs develop kidney problems and will pee and drink more than normal, start vomiting, or develop acute kidney failure and stop peeing altogether.The best way to keep your pet from getting sick is preventing Lyme disease. There are three main ways you can do this: using flea and tick prevention, getting your dog vaccinated, and checking your dog for ticks whenever she comes inside.Inspecting your dog every day for ticks is crucial in prevention. In most cases, a tick must be attached for 36 hours to transmit the disease, so if you check every day for ticks you should be able to find any attached ones (that are large enough to be seen) and remove it. Removing a tick from a dog is best done using a tick removal device or tweezers. Grasp the body with tweezers and gently pull the tick out. You want to remove the entire tick when doing this.Flea and tick preventatives are the best way to keep your dog from contracting Lyme. There are many different types of flea and tick prevention, including topical, oral, and spray products. Topical products are the ones you put on the back of the neck and generally last for one month at a time. Oral products are treats that you give once a month or every 3 months, depending on the brand. There are sprays available, however, these generally need to be applied every day. Sometimes it is good to use these as a supplement–if you are planning on taking your dog in a heavily wooded area, applying the spray before the hike is a great idea. However, you should still use a monthly preventative. Ask your veterinarian for recommendations for preventatives as there are many out there and some work better than others.Dogs can be vaccinated against Lyme disease as well. This is an annual vaccine and can help prevent your dog from getting sick. If you are interested in this vaccine talk to your veterinarian about it.Please contact your veterinarian for advice about prevention, vaccines, and any other questions about Lyme disease and your dog’s health.Celebrating 120 years of service in Vermont! The Vermont Veterinary Medical Association (VVMA), founded in 1898, is a professional organization of 370 veterinarians dedicated to compassionate animal care and quality medicine.